Strophiops palmata Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1919

Original Description

"The binomen Strophiops palmata was first used by Maynard (1919c:59-60; 64; figs. 32, 32*, 33, 34A-D, 35, [35]B and Plate 10, figs. 1, 2, 8) to illustrate pathological duplication and/or migration of teeth within the shell aperture following shell damage.  Portions of at least six different specimens are illustrated in these figures, of which figs. 32, 32*, 33 and pl. 10, figs. 1,2,8 are captioned "S. palmata M & C.",  while figs. 34A-D, 35, and 35B are captioned "S. palmata."  The association of a new species group name with an illustration of the taxon being named prior to 1931 makes the name Strophiops palmata Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1919c: 59-60; 64; figs. 32, 32*, 33, 34A-D, 35, [35]B and Plate 10, figs. 1, 2, 8, available (Article 12.2.7, ICZN, 1999:17) prior to the intended description of this species (Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1920d:120; Plate 21, figs. 6, 7). 

                Maynard (1920a:76, 77) again used S. palmata as an example of a taxon that agglutinates sand, citing a subsequently published illustration of another specimen (Maynard, 1920b:fig. 58, Pl. 12, fig. 2).  Additional damaged specimens are illustrated (Maynard, 1920c:86, fig. 67, repeated on pl. 14, fig. 2; fig. 71, repeated on pl. 16, figs. 4, 5).  All of these uses of the name preceeded the intended original description of Strophiops palmata."  Harasewych et al. (2007:444-445)

Intended description:

"17. S. palmata.

More pointed. 1.25 by .45; costae. 20, about as wide as interspaces; margin. thin, .08, somewhat flanging; white, pale brown within. Very abundant on palm fronds and under them, on east and west sides of Wax Key. 3422. Plate 21, figs. 6, 7." (Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1920d:120)


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