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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Image of Cerithium koperbergi, Gastropod

Cerithium koperbergi Schepman 1907, from Panglao Island, Philippines


Ellen E. StrongResearch Zoologist

Bieler, Ruediger, Mikkelsen, Paula M., Collins, Timothy M., Glover, Emily A., Gonzalez, Vanessa L., Graf, Daniel L., Harper, Elizabeth M., Healy, John, Kawauchi, Gisele Y., Sharma, Prashant P., Staubach, Sid, Strong, Ellen E., Taylor, John D., Temkin, Ilya, Zardus, John D., Clark, Stephanie, Guzman, Alejandra, McIntyre, Erin, Sharp, Paul and Giribet, Gonzalo 2014. Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life - an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters. Invertebrate Systematics, 28(1): 32-115. doi:10.1071/IS13010

Galindo, L. A., Puillandre, N., Strong, E. E. and Bouchet, P. 2014. Using microwaves to prepare gastropods for DNA barcoding. Molecular Ecology Resources, 14(4): 700-705. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12231

Johnson, Paul D., Bogan, Arthur E., Brown, Kenneth M., Burkhead, Noel M., Cordeiro, James R., Garner, Jeffrey T., Hartfield, Paul D., Lepitzki, Dwayne A. W., Mackie, Gerry L., Pip, Eva, Tarpley, Thomas A., Tiemann, Jeremy S., Whelan, Nathan V. and Strong, Ellen E. 2013. Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of Canada and the United States. Fisheries, 38(6): 247-282. doi:10.1080/03632415.2013.785396

Strong, Ellen E. and Bouchet, Philippe 2013. Cryptic yet colorful: anatomy and relationships of a new genus of Cerithiidae (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea) from coral reef drop-offs. Invertebrate Biology, 132(4): 326-351. doi:10.1111/ivb.12031

Tëmkin, Ilya and Strong, Ellen E. 2013. New Insights on Stomach Anatomy of Carnivorous Bivalves. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 79(4): 332-339. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyt031

Schloeder, Carmen, Canning-Clode, Joao, Saltonstall, Kristin, Strong, Ellen E., Ruiz, Gregory M. and Torchin, Mark E. 2013. The Pacific bivalve Anomia peruviana in the Atlantic: a recent invasion across the Panama Canal?. Aquatic Invasions, 8(4): 443-448. doi:10.3391/ai.2013.8.4.08

Kantor, Yuri I., Strong, Ellen E. and Puillandre, Nicolas 2012. A new lineage of conoidea (gastropoda: neogastropoda) revealed by morphological and molecular data. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 78(3): 246-255. doi:10.1093/mollus/eys007

Hayes, Kenneth A., Cowie, Robert H., Thiengo, Silvana C. and Strong, Ellen E. 2012. Comparing apples with apples: clarifying the identities of two highly invasive Neotropical Ampullariidae (Caenogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166(4): 723-753. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00867.x

Churchill, Celia K. C., Foighil, Diarmaid Ó., Strong, Ellen E. and Gittenberger, Adriaan 2011. Correspondence: Females floated first in bubble-rafting snails. Current Biology, 21(19): R802-R803. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.08.011

Strong, Ellen E., Colgan, Donald J., Healy, John M., Lydeard, Charles, Ponder, Winston F. and Glaubrecht, Matthias 2011. Phylogeny of the gastropod superfamily Cerithioidea using morphology and molecules. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 162(1): 43-89. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00670.x

Strong, Ellen E. 2011. More than a gut feeling: utility of midgut anatomy in phylogeny of the Cerithioidea (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 162(3): 585-630. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00687.x

Gomez, Maria I., Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, Matthias 2011. Redescription and Anatomy of the Viviparous Freshwater Gastropod Hemisinus lineolatus (W. Wood, 1828) from Jamaica (Cerithioidea, Thiaridae). Malacologia, 53(2): 229-250. doi:10.4002/040.053.0203

Churchill, Celia K. C., Strong, Ellen E. and Ó Foighil, Diarmaid 2011. Hitchhiking juveniles in the rare neustonic gastropod Recluzia cf. jehennei ( Janthinidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 77(4): 441-444. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyr020

Reynolds, Kyle C., Watanabe, Hiromi, Strong, Ellen E., Sasaki, Takenori, Uematsu, Katsuyuki, Miyake, Hiroshi, Kojima, Shigeaki, Suzuki, Yohey, Fujikura, Katsunori, Kim, Stacy and Young, Craig M. 2010. New Molluscan Larval Form: Brooding and Development in a Hydrothermal Vent Gastropod, Ifremeria nautilei (Provannidae). Biological Bulletin, 219(1): 7-11.

Johnson, S. B., Waren, A., Lee, R. W., Kano, Y., Kaim, A., Davis, A., Strong, Ellen E. and Vrijenhoek, R. C. 2010. Rubyspira, New Genus and Two New Species of Bone-Eating Deep-Sea Snails With Ancient Habits. Biological Bulletin, 219(2): 166-177.

Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, Matthias 2010. Anatomy of the Tiphobiini from Lake Tanganyika (Cerithioidea, Paludomidae). Malacologia, 52(1): 115-153. doi:10.4002/040.052.0108

Lieb, Bernhard, Gebauer, Wolfgang, Christos, Gatsogiannism, Depoix, Frank, Hellmann, Nadja, Harasewych, M. G., Strong, Ellen E. and Markl, Jü 2010. Molluscan mega-hemocyanin: an ancient oxygen carrier tuned by a 500 kDa polypeptide. Frontiers in Zoology, 7(14): 1-13.

Bouchet, Philippe and Strong, Ellen E. 2010. Historical name-bearing types in marine molluscs: an impediment to biodiversity studies?. In: Polaszek, Andrew, Systema Naturae 250 - The Linnaean Ark. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp.61-72.

Strong, Ellen E. and Koehler, Frank 2009. Morphological and molecular analysis of 'Melania' jacqueti Dautzenberg and Fischer, 1906: from anonymous orphan to critical basal offshoot of the Semisulcospiridae (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea). Zoologica Scripta, 38(5): 483-502. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00385.x

Puillandre, N., Strong, Ellen E., Bouchet, Philippe, Boisselier, M. -C, Couloux, A. and Samadi, S. 2009. Identifying gastropod spawn from DNA barcodes: possible but not yet practicable. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9(5): 1311-1321. doi:10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02576.x

Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, Matthias 2008. Anatomy and systematics of the minute syrnolopsine gastropods from Lake Tanganyika (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea, Paludomidae). Acta Zoologica, 89(4): 289-310. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.2007.00318.x

Ponder, W. F., Colgan, D., Healy, J., Nützel, A., Simone, L. R. L. and Strong, Ellen E. 2008. Caenogastropod Phylogeny. In: Ponder, W. F. and Lindberg, D. L., Molluscan Phylogeny. Berkeley: U. California Press, pp.331-383.

Strong, Ellen E., Gargominy, O., Ponder, W. F. and Bouchet, Philippe 2008. Global diversity of gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595: 149-166.

Glaubrecht, M. and Strong, Ellen E. 2007. Ancestry to an endemic radiation in Lake Tanganyika? Evolution of the viviparous gastropod Potadomoides Leloup, 1953 in the Congo River system (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea, Paludomidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92(2): 367-401. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00867.x

Strong, Ellen E. and Frest, T. J. 2007. On the anatomy and systematics of Juga from western North America (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae). The Nautilus, 121(2): 43-65.

Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, M. 2006. The morphology and independent origin of ovoviviparity in Tiphobia and Lavigeria (Caenogastropoda : cerithioidea : paludomidae) from Lake Tanganyika. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 7(2): 81-105. doi:10.1016/j.ode.2006.02.003

Boxshall, G. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 2006. An extraordinary shift in life habit within a genus of cyclopid copepods in Lake Tanganyika. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 146(2): 275-286. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00206.x

Strong, Ellen E. 2005. A morphological reanalysis of Pleurocera acuta Rafinesque, 1831 and Elimia livescens (Menke, 1830) (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pleuroceridae). The Nautilus, 119(4): 119-132.

Glaubrecht, M. and Strong, Ellen E. 2004. Spermatophores of thalassoid gastropods (Paludomidae) in Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, with a survey of their occurrence in Cerithioidea: functional and phylogenetic implications. Invertebrate Biology, 123(3): 218-236.

Lydeard, Charles, Cowie, Robert H., Bogan, A. E., Bouchet, Philippe, Cummings, K. S., Frest, T. J., Herbert, D. G., Hershler, Robert, Gargominy, O., Perez, K., Ponder, W. F., Roth, B., Seddon, M., Strong, Ellen E. and Thompson, F. G. 2004. The Global Decline of Nonmarine Mollusks. Bioscience, 54: 321-330.

Strong, Ellen E. and Lydeard, Charles 2004. Phylogeny and classification of North American freshwater gastropods. In: Perez, K. E., Clark, S. A. and Lydeard, Charles, Showing your Shells. A Primer to Freshwater Gastropod Identification. Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society, pp.6-12.

Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, M. 2003. Anatomy and systematic affinity of Stanleya neritinoides (Smith, 1880), an enigmatic member of the thalassoid gastropod fauna from Lake Tanganyika, East Africa (Cerithioidea, Paludomidae). Acta Zoologica, 84: 249-265.

Strong, Ellen E. 2003. Refining molluscan characters: morphology, character coding and the phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Gastropoda). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 137: 447-554.

Rigby, J. K., Hanger, R. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 2003. Lower Permian sponges from the Coyote Butte Formation, Grindstone Terrane, Crook County Oregon. Brigham Young University Geology Studies, 47: 125-132.

Strong, Ellen E., Harasewych, M. G. and Haszprunar, G. 2003. Phylogeny of the Cocculinoidea (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Invertebrate Biology, 122: 114-125.

Strong, Ellen E. and Glaubrecht, M. 2002. Evidence for convergent evolution of brooding in a unique gastropod from Lake Tanganyika: anatomy and affinity of Tanganyicia rufofilosa (Smith, 1880) (Caenogastropoda, Cerithioidea, Paludomidae). Zoologica Scripta, 31: 167-184.

Hahn, G., Hahn, R., Hanger, R. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 2000. Lower Permian trilobites from Oregon, USA. Geologica et Paleontologica, 34: 125-135.

Hanger, R. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 2000. Phylogeny of the Anopliidae. Historical Biology, 14: 1-14.

Hanger, R. A., Hoare, R. D. and Strong, Ellen E. 2000. Permian Polyplacophora, Rostroconchia and Problematica from central Oregon. Journal of Paleontology, 74: 192-198.

Yancey, T. E., Strong, Ellen E. and Hanger, R. A. 2000. The Genus Vesperispira (Gastropoda: Pleurotomarioidea) from the Permian of two displaced terranes, Western United States. Journal of Paleontology, 74: 741-744.

Allard, M. W., Kearney, M., Kivimaki, K. Lindholm, Meisner, A. Downing and Strong, Ellen E. 1999. The Random Cladist: A review of the software package RANDOM CLADISTICS. Cladistics, 15: 183-189.

Strong, Ellen E. and Lipscomb, D. 1999. Character coding and inapplicable data. Cladistics, 15: 363-371.

Strong, Ellen E. and Harasewych, M. G. 1999. The anatomy of the hadal limpet Macleaniella moskalevi (Gastropoda: Cocculinoidea). Invertebrate Biology, 118(2): 137-148.

Hanger, R. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 1998. Actaeonina permiana, n. sp. from the Permian Coyotes Butte Formation, Central Oregon. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111: 795-798.

Hanger, R. A. and Strong, Ellen E. 1998. Helicoprion nevadensis (Wheeler, 1939) from the Pennsylvanian - Permian Antler Peak Limestone, Lander County, Nevada (Pisces: Selachii: Helicoprionidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111: 531-534.

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