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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Photo of a adult sipunculan, Themiste lageniformis

Photo of an adult sipunculan, Themiste lageniformis

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Mary RiceResearch Zoologist, Emeritus


Young, Craig M., Emson, Roland H., Rice, Mary E. and Tyler, Paul A. 2013. A paradoxical mismatch of fecundity and recruitment in deep-sea opportunists: Cocculinid and pseudococculinid limpets colonizing vascular plant remains on the Bahamian Slope. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92: 36-45. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.01.027

Young, Craig M., He, Ruoying, Emlet, Richard B., Li, Yizhen, Qian, Hui, Arellano, Shawn M., Van Gaest, Ahna, Bennett, Kathleen C., Wolf, Maya, Smart, Tracey I. and Rice, Mary E. 2012. Dispersal of Deep-Sea Larvae from the Intra-American Seas: Simulations of Trajectories Using Ocean Models. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 52(4): 483-496. doi:10.1093/icb/ics090

Rice, Mary E., Reichardt, Hugh F., Piraino, Julianne and Young, Craig M. 2012. Reproduction, development, growth, and the length of larval life of Phascolosoma turnerae, a wood-dwelling deep-sea sipunculan. Invertebrate Biology, 131(3): 204-215. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2012.00267.x

Schulze, Anja, Maiorova, Anastassya, Timm, Laura E. and Rice, Mary E. 2012. Sipunculan Larvae and "Cosmopolitan" Species. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 52(4): 497-510. doi:10.1093/icb/ics082

Schulze, Anya and Rice, Mary E. 2009. Nephasoma pellucidum - A Model for Sipunculan Development?. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 38: 209-217.

Kawauchi, Gisele Y. and Rice, Mary E. 2009. Two New Species of Nephasoma (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae) from the Western Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 122(1): 1-13. doi:10.2988/08-32.1

Rice, Mary E. 2009. Sipuncula of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters and Biota Vol. 1, Biodiversity. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, pp.803-808.

Schulze, Anja and Rice, Mary E. 2009. Musculature in sipunculan worms: ontogeny and ancestral states. Evolution & development, 11(1): 97-108. doi:10.1111/j.1525-142X.2008.00306.x

Rice, Mary E. 2007. Sipuncula and Echiura. In: Carlton, James T., The Light and Smith manual: intertidal invertebrates from central California to Oregon.. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp.288-292.

Schulze, Anja and Rice, Mary E. 2004. Sipunculan diversity at Twin Cays, Belize with a key to the species. Atoll Research Bulletin, 521: 1-9. doi:10.5479/si.00775630.521.1-9

Jaeckle, William B. and Rice, Mary E. 2002. Phylum Sipuncula. In: Young, Craig M., Sewell, Mary A. and Rice, Mary E., Atlas of marine invertebrate larvae. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp.375-396.

Pechenik, Jan A. and Rice, Mary E. 2001. Influence of delayed metamorphosis on postsettlement survival and growth in the sipunculan Apionsoma misakianum. Invertebrate Biology, 120(1): 50-57.

Staton, J. L. and Rice, Mary E. 1999. Genetic differentiation despite teleplanic larval dispersal: allozyme variation in sipunculans of the Apionsoma misakianum species-complex. Bulletin of Marine Science, 65(2): 467-480.

Rice, Mary E. and Ruppert, E. E. 1995. Functional organization of dermal coelomic canals in Sipunculus nudus (Sipuncula) with a discussion of respiratory designs in sipunculans. Invertebrate Biology, 114(1): 51-63.

Rice, Mary E., Piraino, J. and Reichardt, H. F. 1995. A survey of the Sipuncula of the Indian River. Bulletin of Marine Science, 57: 128-135.

Rice, Mary E. and Reunov, A. 1993. Ultrastructure Observations on Spermatogenesis in Phascolion cryptum (Sipuncula). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 112(3): 195-207.

Reunov, Arkadij and Rice, Mary E. 1993. Ultrastructural Observations on Spermatogenesis in Phascolion cryptum (Sipuncula). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 3: 195-207.

Rice, Mary E. 1993. Two new species of Phascolion (Sipuncula: Phascolionidae) from tropical and subtropical waters of the central western Atlantic. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(3): 591-601.

Rice, Mary E. 1993. Chapter 7. Sipuncula. In: Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Vol. 12: Onychophora, Chilopoda, and Lesser Protostomata. pp.237-325.

Rice, Mary E. 1993. Two New Species of Phascolion (Sipuncula:Phascolionidae) from Tropical and Subtropical Waters of the Central Western Atlantic. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(3): 591-601.

Rice, Mary E. and Pilger, J. F. 1993. Chapter 10. Sipuncula. Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Vol.VI, Part A, Asexual Propagation and Reproductive Strategies, : 297-310.

Rice, Mary E. and Pilger, John F. 1992. Sipuncula. In: Adiyodi, K. G. and Adiyodi, Rita G., Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Vol. V, Sexual Differentiation and Behavior. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Pub., pp.187-191.

Rice, Mary E. and Scheltema, R. S. 1990. Occurrence of teleplanic pelagosphera larvae of sipunculans in tropical regions of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Bulletin of Marine Science, 47(1): 159-181.

Scheltema, Rudolf S. and Rice, Mary E. 1989. Occurrence of Teleplanic Pelagosphera Larvae of Sipunculans in Tropical Regions of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Bulletin of Marine Science, 47(1): 159-181.

Rice, Mary E. 1989. Sipuncula. In: Adiyodi, K. G. and Adiyodi, Rita G., Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Vol. 14, Part A: Fertilization, Development, and Parental Care. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Pub., pp.263-280.

Rice, Mary E. 1989. Comparative observations gametes, fertilization, and maturation in sipunculans. In: 23rd European Marine Biology Symposium. pp.167-183.

Rice, Mary E. 1989. Chapter 14. Sipuncula. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates, Vol. IV. Part A Fertilization, Development, and Parental Care. pp.263-280.

Rice, Mary E. 1988. Sipunculan associates of the deep-sea hydrocarbon seep community. American Zoologist, 28(4): 788

Rice, Mary E. 1988. Chapter 32. Sipuncula. In: Introduction to the Study of Meiofauna. pp.355-356.

Rice, Mary E. 1988. Observations on development and metamorphosis of Siphonosoma cumanense with comparative remarks on Sipunculus nudus (Sipuncula, Sipunculidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 42(1): 1-15.

Rice, Mary E. and Pilger, John F. 1988. Sipuncula. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Wiley, pp.297-310.

Rice, Mary E. 1987. Sipuncula. In: Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates of the Northern Pacific Coast. pp.196-204.

Rice, Mary E. and Pilger, J. F. 1987. Ultrastructural evidence for the contractile vessel of sipunculans as a possible ultrafiltration site. American Zoologist, 27(4): 152A

Rice, Mary E. 1986. Phylum Sipuncula (Peanut Worms). In: Marine Fauna and Flora of Bermuda. pp.224-228.

Rice, Mary E. 1986. Factors influencing larval metamorphosis in Golfingia misakiana (Sipuncula). Bulletin of Marine Science, 39(2): 362-375.

Rice, Mary E. 1985. Sipuncula: Developmental evidence for phylogenetic inference. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Relations and Origins of Lower Invertebrates. pp.274-296.

Rice, Mary E. 1985. Description of a wood-dwelling sipunculan, Phascolosoma turnerae, new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 98(1): 54-60.

Rice, Mary E. and Reichardt, H. 1984. Larval development and metamorphosis of Siphonosoma cumanense (Keferstein, 1867) (Sipuncula). American Zoologist, 24(3): 242

Rice, Mary E. 1983. Chapter 13. Sipuncula. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Oogenesis, Oviposition, and Oosorption. Volume 1. pp.283-296.

Rice, Mary E., Piraino, J. and Reichardt, H. F. 1983. Observations on the ecology and reproduction of the sipunculan Phascolion cryptus in the Indian River Lagoon. Florida Scientist, 46: 282-395.

Rice, Mary E. 1983. 13. Sipuncula. In: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Wiley,(Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates) pp.283-296.

Rice, Mary E. and Ruppert, E. 1983. Structure, ultrastructure, and function of the terminal organ of a pelagosphera larva (Sipuncula). Zoomorphology, 102: 143-163.

Rice, Mary E. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. Distribution of Sipuncula in the Coral Reef Community, Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. In: . Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Science, pp.311-320.

Rice, Mary E. 1982. Sipuncula. In: Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill Book Company, pp.67-69.

Rice, Mary E. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1982. Distribution of Sipuncula in the Coral Reef Community. In: The Atlantic Barrier Reef Ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, 1. Structure and Communities. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution,(Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Science) pp.311-320.

Rice, Mary E. 1982. Sipuncula Oogenesis, Oviposition, and Oosorption. In: Adiyodi, K. G. and Adiyodi, Rita G., Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. London: John Wiley and Sons, pp.283-296.

Rice, Mary E. 1981. Larvae adrift: patterns and problems in life histories of sipunculans. Past-Presidential Address. American Zoologist, 21(3): 605-619.

Rice, Mary E. 1980. Chapter 19. Sipuncula and Echiura. In: Intertidal Invertebrates of California. pp.128-134.

Rice, Mary E. 1978. Morphological and behavioral changes at metamorphosis in the Sipuncula. In: Settlement and Metamorphosis of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. pp.83-102.

Chia, F. S. and Rice, Mary E. 1978. Settlement and Metamorphosis of Marine Invertebrate Larvae Elsevier North Holland.

Rice, Mary E. and Murdoch, J. D. 1978. Influence of adults on metamorphosis of oceanic sipunculan larvae. American Zoologist, 18(3): 665

Rice, Mary E. and Banta, W. C. 1976. A restudy of the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale fossil worm, Ottoia prolifica. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. 2. pp.79-90.

Rice, Mary E. and Todorovic, M. 1976. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. Volume 2 Naucno Delo Press.

Rice, Mary E. 1976. Larval development and metamorphosis in the Sipuncula. American Zoologist, 16(3): 563-572.

Rice, Mary E. 1976. Sipunculans associated with coral communities. Micronesica, 12(1): 119-132.

Danta, W. D. and Rice, Mary E. 1976. A Restudy of the Middle Cambrian Bergess Shale Fossil Worm, Ottoia Prolifica. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura, 2: 79-80.

Rice, Mary E. and Todorovic, M. 1975. Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. Volume 1 Naucno Delo Press.

Rice, Mary E. 1975. Unsegmented Coelomate Worms. Light's Manual: Intertidal Invertebrates of the Central California Coast.Third Edition, : 128-134.

Rice, Mary E. 1975. Observations on the development of six species of Caribbean Sipuncula with a review of development in the phylum. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. pp.141-160.

Rice, Mary E. 1975. Chapter 4: Sipuncula. In: Reproduction in Marine Invertebrates. Volume II. pp.67-127.

Rice, Mary E. 1975. Survey of the Sipuncula of the coral and beachrock communities of the Caribbean Sea. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of Sipuncula and Echiura. pp.35-49.

Rice, Mary E. 1974. Review of: The Phyla Sipuncula and Echiura. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 49: 160

Rice, Mary E. 1974. Gametogenesis in three species of Sipuncula: Phascolosoma agassizii, Golfingia pugettensis, and Themiste pyroides. La Cellule, 79(2-3): 259-313.

Rice, Mary E. 1973. Morphology, behavior, and histogenesis of the pelagosphera larva of Phascolosoma agassizii (Sipuncula). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 132: 1-51. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.132

Rice, Mary E. and Macintyre, Ian G. 1972. A preliminary study of sipunculan burrows in rock thin sections. Caribbean Journal of Science, 12(1-2): 41-44.

Rice, Mary E. and Putnam, D. S. 1972. A comparative study of the functional morphology of some pelagosphera larvae (Sipuncula). American Zoologist, 12(4): 723

Rice, Mary E. 1972. Asexual reproduction in a sipunculan worm. In: Spiralian Embryology. pp.179-183.

Rice, Mary E. 1971. Sipuncula of the coral and beachrock communities of the Maldive Islands. Symposium on Indian Ocean and Adjacent Seas. Marine Biological Association of India, January 12-18, 1971, : 000

Rice, Mary E. and Kohn, A. J. 1971. Biology of Sipuncula and Echiura. Bioscience, 21(12): 583-584.

Rice, Mary E. and Stephen, A. C. 1970. The type specimens of Sipuncula and Echiura Described by Journal E. Gray and W. Baird in the Collections of the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of British Museum (Natural History), 20(2): 49-72.

Rice, Mary E. 1970. Asexual reproduction in a sipunculan worm. Science, 167: 1618-1620.

Rice, Mary E. 1970. Observations of the Development of Six Species of Caribbean Sipuncula with a Review of Development in the Phylum. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. Kotor, pp.18-25.

Rice, Mary E. 1970. Survey of the Sipuncula of the Coral and Beach Rock Communities of the Caribbean Sea. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura. Kotor, pp.35-49.

Rice, Mary E. 1969. Possible boring structures of sipunculids. American Zoologist, 9: 803-812.

Rice, Mary E. 1969. Review of: Invertebrate Zoology, Second Edition. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 44: 318-319.

Rice, Mary E. 1967. A comparative study of the development of Phascolosoma agassizii, Golfingia pugettensis, and Themiste pyroides with a discussion of developmental patterns in the Sipuncula. Ophelia, 4(2): 143-171.

Rice, Mary E. 1966. The Reproductive Biology and Development of Sipuncula. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Washington, Seattle

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1959. Relation of invasive capacity to passage of lymphocytic cells through cellulose membranes filters. Nature, 184: 479-480.

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1959. Growth of normal peritoneal cells in diffusion chambers: A study in cell modulation. American Journal of Anatomy, 105: 281-341.

Rice, Mary E., Webster, S. H., Highman, B. and Stohlman, E. F. 1959. The toxicology of potassium and sodium iodates. II. Subacute toxicity of potassium iodate in mice and guinea pigs. Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 1: 87-95.

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1958. Measurement of the average and total cell volume during the growth of ascites tumors. Journal National Cancer Institute, 21: 961-971.

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1958. Studies on mouse lymphomas: III Behavior of tumor and non-tumor cell populations during growth of three ascites lymphomas. Journal National Cancer Institute, 21: 163-191.

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1958. Studies on mouse lymphomas: II. Behavior of three lymphomas in diffusion chambers in relation to their invasive capacity in host. Journal National Cancer Institute, 21: 137-161.

Rice, Mary E. and Shelton, E. 1957. Comparison of the reduction of two tetrazolium salts with succinoxidase activity of tissue homogenates. Journal National Cancer Institute, 18: 117-125.

Rice, Mary E., Webster, S. H., Highman, B. and Von Oettingen, W. F. 1957. The toxicology of potassium and sodium iodates: Acute toxicity in mice. Journal Pharm.Exper.Therapeutics, 120: 171-178.

Rice, Mary E., Scott, G. T. and Jacobson, M. A. 1951. The influence of glycolytic factors on the potassium and sodium content of Saccaromyces cerevisiae. Archives of Biochemistry, 30: 282-291.

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