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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Department of Invertebrate Zoology

image of Dr. Nancy Knowlton


Nancy KnowltonSant Chair for Marine Science

Recent Publications:
Fisher, Rebecca, O'Leary, Rebecca A, Low-Choy, Samantha, Mengersen, Kerrie, Knowlton, Nancy, Brainard, Russell E and Caley, M. J. 2015. Species Richness on Coral Reefs and the Pursuit of Convergent Global Estimates. Current Biology, 25(4): 500-505. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.12.022

LaJeunesse, Todd C., Lee, Sung Yeon, Gil-Agudelo, Diego, Knowlton, Nancy and Jeong, Hae Jin 2015. Symbiodinium necroappetens sp. nov. (Dinophyceae): an opportunist 'zooxanthella' found in bleached and diseased tissues of Caribbean reef corals. European Journal of Phycology, 50(2) doi:10.1080/09670262.2015.1025857

Marko, Peter B., Eytan, Ron I. and Knowlton, Nancy 2015. Do large molecular sequence divergences imply an early closure of the Isthmus of Panama?. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, doi:10.1073/pnas.1515048112

Jacquet, Jennifer, Estes, James, Jackson, Jeremy, Johnson, Ayana E., Knowlton, Nancy, Mcclenachan, Loren, Pauly, Daniel and Sala, Enric 2015. Ocean Calamities: Hyped Litany or Legitimate Concern?. Bioscience, 65(8): 745-746. doi:10.1093/biosci/biv087

Connolly, Sean R., MacNeil, M. Aaron, Caley, M. Julian, Knowlton, Nancy, Cripps, Ed, Hisano, Mizue, Thibaut, Loic M., Bhattacharya, Bhaskar D., Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro, Brainard, Russell E., Brandt, Angelika, Bulleri, Fabio, Ellingsen, Kari E., Kaiser, Stefanie, Kroncke, Ingrid, Linse, Katrin, Maggi, Elena, O'Hara, Timothy D., Plaisance, Laetitia, Poore, Gary C. B., Sarkar, Santosh K., Satpathy, Kamala K., Schuckel, Ulrike, Williams, Alan and Wilson, Robin S. 2014. Commonness and rarity in the marine biosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(23): 8524-8529. doi:10.1073/pnas.1406664111

Rocha, L. A., Aleixo, A., Allen, G., Almeda, F., Baldwin, Carole C., Barclay, M. V. L., Bates, J. M., Bauer, A. M., Benzoni, F., Berns, C. M., Berumen, M. L., Blackburn, D. C., Blum, S., Bolanos, F., Bowie, R. C. K., Britz, R., Brown, R. M., Cadena, C. D., Carpenter, K., Ceriaco, L. M., Chakrabarty, P., Chaves, G., Choat, J. H., Clements, K. D., Collette, Bruce B., et al 2014. Specimen collection: An essential tool. Science, 344(6186): 814-815. doi:10.1126/science.344.6186.814

Huang, Danwei, Benzoni, Francesca, Fukami, Hironobu, Knowlton, Nancy, Smith, Nathan D. and Budd, Ann F. 2014. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 171(2): 277-355. doi:10.1111/zoj.12140

Bracken-Grissom, Heather, Collins, Allen G., Collins, Timothy, Crandall, Keith, Distel, Daniel, Dunn, Casey, Giribet, Gonzalo, Haddock, Steven, Knowlton, Nancy, Martindale, Mark, Medina, Monica, Messing, Charles, O'Brien, Stephen J., Paulay, Gustav, Putnam, Nicolas, Ravasi, Timothy, Rouse, Greg W., Ryan, Joseph F., Schulze, Anja, Worheide, Gert, Adamska, Maja, Bailly, Xavier, Breinholt, Jesse, Browne, William E., Diaz, M. Christina, et al 2014. The Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance (GIGA): Developing Community Resources to Study Diverse Invertebrate Genomes. Journal of Heredity, 105(1): 1-18. doi:10.1093/jhered/est084

Hurt, C., Silliman, K., Anker, A. and Knowlton, Nancy 2013. Ecological speciation in anemone-associated snapping shrimps (Alpheus armatus species complex). Molecular Ecology, 22(17): 4532-4548. doi:10.1111/mec.12398

Baker, David M., Weigt, Lee A., Fogel, Marilyn and Knowlton, Nancy 2013. Ancient DNA from Coral-Hosted Symbiodinium Reveal a Static Mutualism over the Last 172 Years. PLoS ONE, 8(2): e55057 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055057

Ruckelshaus, M., Doney, S. C., Galindo, H. M., Barry, J. P., Chan, F., Duffy, J. E., English, C. A., Gaines, S. D., Grebmeier, J. M., Hollowed, A. B., Knowlton, Nancy, Polovina, Jeffrey J., Rabalais, N. N., Sydeman, W. J. and Talley, L. D. 2013. Securing ocean benefits for society in the face of climate change. Marine Policy, 40: 154-159. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.01.009

Doney, Scott C., Ruckelshaus, Mary, Duffy, J. Emmett, Barry, James, Chan, Francis, English, Chad A., Hines, Heather M., Grebmeier, Jacqueline M., Hollowed, Anne B., Knowlton, Nancy, Polovina, Jeffrey J., Rabalais, Nancy N., Sydeman, William J. and Talley, Lynne D. 2012. Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science, 4: 11-37. doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-041911-111611

Machlis, Gary, Frankovich, Thomas A., Alcolado, Pedro M., Garcia-Machado, Erik, Caridad Hernandez-Zanuy, Aida, Hueter, Robert E., Knowlton, Nancy, Perera, Erick and Tunnell, John W., Jr. 2012. OCEAN POLICY US-Cuba Scientific Collaboration Emerging Issues and Opportunities in Marine and Related Environmental Sciences. Oceanography, 25(2): 227-231. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2012.63

Machida, Ryuji J., Kweskin, Matthew and Knowlton, Nancy 2012. PCR Primers for Metazoan Mitochondrial 12S Ribosomal DNA Sequences. PLoS ONE, 7(4): 1-6. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035887

Machida, Ryuji J. and Knowlton, Nancy 2012. Ways to mix multiple PCR amplicons into single 454 run for DNA barcoding. In: DNA Barcodes: Methods and Protocols. Humana Press,(Methods in molecular biology) pp.355-361.

Knowlton, Nancy 2012. Iconic coral reef degraded despite substantial protection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(44): 17734-17735. doi:10.1073/pnas.1215836109

Budd, Ann F., Fukami, Hironobu, Smith, Nathan D. and Knowlton, Nancy 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166(3): 465-529. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00855.x

Fogarty, N. D., Lowenberg, M., Ojima, M. N., Knowlton, Nancy and Levitan, D. R. 2012. Asymmetric conspecific sperm precedence in relation to spawning times in the Montastraea annularis species complex (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 25(12): 2481-2488. doi:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2012.02625.x

Machida, Ryuji J. and Knowlton, Nancy 2012. PCR Primers for Metazoan Nuclear 18S and 28S Ribosomal DNA Sequences. Plos One, 7(9): 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046180

Knowlton, Nancy 2011. Q&A Nancy Knowlton. Current Biology, 21(8): R270-R271.

Plaisance, Laetitia, Brainard, Russell, Caley, M. Julian and Knowlton, Nancy 2011. Using DNA Barcoding and Standardized Sampling to Compare Geographic and Habitat Differentiation of Crustaceans: A Hawaiian Islands Example. Diversity, 3(4): 581-591. doi:10.3390/d3040581

Knowlton, Nancy 2011. First steps as a scientist – preface. In: Graham, M. K., Parker, J. and Dayton, P. K., In Pursuit of Natural History: Selected Readings and Commentaries. Chicago: Univ. Chicago, pp.

Plaisance, Laetitia, Caley, M. Julian, Brainard, Russell E. and Knowlton, Nancy 2011. The Diversity of Coral Reefs: What Are We Missing?. PLoS ONE, 6(10): 1-7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025026

Levitan, Don R., Fogarty, Nicole D., Jara, Javier, Lotterhos, Katie E. and Knowlton, Nancy 2011. Genetic, Spatial, and Temporal Components of Precise Spawning Synchrony in Reef Building Corals of the Montastraea Annularis Species Complex. Evolution, 65(5): 1254-1270. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01235.x

Fisher, Rebecca, Knowlton, Nancy, Brainard, Russell E. and Caley, M. Julian 2011. Differences among Major Taxa in the Extent of Ecological Knowledge across Four Major Ecosystems. PLoS ONE, 6(11): e26556-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026556

Mumby, Peter J., Iglesias-Prieto, Roberto, Hooten, Anthony J., Sale, Peter F., Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, Edwards, Alasdair J., Harvell, C. Drew, Gomez, Edgardo D., Knowlton, Nancy, Hatziolos, Marea E., Kyewalyanga, Margareth S. and Muthiga, Nyawira 2011. Revisiting climate thresholds and ecosystem collapse. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9(2): 94-96. doi:10.1890/11.WB.002

Fisher, R., Radford, B. T., Knowlton, Nancy, Brainard, R. E., Michaelis, F. B. and Caley, M. J. 2011. Global mismatch between research effort and conservation needs of tropical coral reefs. Conservation Letters, 4(1): 64-72. doi:10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00146.x

Knowlton, Nancy and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. 2011. Beyond the obituaries. Solutions: For a Sustainable and Desirable Future, 2(1)

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