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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
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Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Hermadion ferox

USNM 57796 Hermadion ferox (Baird, 1865) from Antarctica

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Kristian FauchaldResearch Zoologist, Emeritus


Zanol, Joana, Halanych, Kenneth M. and Fauchald, Kristian 2014. Reconciling taxonomy and phylogeny in the bristleworm family Eunicidae (polychaete, Annelida). Zoologica Scripta, 43(1): 79-100. doi:10.1111/zsc.12034

Costello, Mark J., Bouchet, Philippe, Boxshall, Geoff, Fauchald, Kristian, Gordon, Dennis, Hoeksema, Bert W., Poore, Gary C. B., van Soest, Rob W. M., Stohr, Sabine, Walter, T. Chad, Vanhoorne, Bart, Decock, Wim and Appeltans, Ward 2013. Global Coordination and Standardisation in Marine Biodiversity through the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) and Related Databases. Plos One, 8(1): e51629 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051629

Appeltans, Ward, Ahyong, Shane T, Anderson, Gary, Angel, Martin V, Artois, Tom, Bailly, Nicolas, Bamber, Roger, Barber, Anthony, Bartsch, Ilse, Berta, Annalisa, Blazewicz-Paszkowycz, Magdalena, Bock, Phil, Boxshall, Geoff, Boyko, Christopher B, Brandão, Simone Nunes, Bray, Rod A, Bruce, Niel L, Cairns, Stephen D, Chan, Tin-Yam, Cheng, Lanna, Collins, Allen G, Cribb, Thomas, Curini-Galletti, Marco, Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid, Davie, Peter J F., et al 2012. The Magnitude of Global Marine Species Diversity. Current Biology, 22(23): 2189-2202. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036

Fauchald, Kristian, Berke, Sarah Kosting and Woodin, Sarah Ann 2012. Diopatra (Onuphidae: Polychaeta) from intertidal sediments in southwestern Europe. Zootaxa, 3395: 47-58.

Budaeva, Nataliya and Fauchald, Kristian 2011. Phylogeny of the Diopatra generic complex with a revision of Paradiopatra Ehlres, 1887 (Polychaeta: Onuphidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 163(2): 319-436. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2011.00701.x

Carrera-Parra, L. F., Fauchald, Kristian and Gambi, Maria C. 2011. Revision of the taxonomic status of Lysidice (Polychaeta, Eunicidae) in the Western Caribbean Sea with observation on species reproductive features and habitat preference. Italian Journal of Zoology, 78(Supplement 1): 27-40. doi:10.1080/11250003.2011.593850

Zanol, Joana, Halanych, Kenneth M., Struck, Torsten H. and Fauchald, Kristian 2010. Phylogeny of the bristle worm family Eunicidae (Eunicida, Annelida) and the phylogenetic utility of noncongruent 16S, COI and 18S in combined analyses. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 55(2): 660-676. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.024

Budaeva, Nataliya and Fauchald, Kristian 2010. Larval development of Mooreonuphis stigmatis (Treadwell, 1922) (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from the north-east Pacific. Marine Biology Research, 6(1): 6-24. doi:10.1080/17451000902932977

Fauchald, Kristian 2009. Vestimentifera and Pogonophora (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Camp, David K., Gulf of Mexico: origin, waters, and biota. Texas A&M University Press, pp.793-795.

Fauchald, Kristian, Granados-Barba, A. and Solis-Weiss, Vivianne 2009. Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters and Biota Vol. 1, Biodiversity. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, pp.751-788.

Fauchald, Kristian 2009. Vestimentifera and Pogonophora (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico. In: Felder, Darryl L. and Camp, David K., Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters and Biota Vol. 1, Biodiversity. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, pp.793-796.

Salazar-Vallejo, S. I., Carrera-Parra, L. F. and Fauchald, Kristian 2008. Phylogenetic affinities of the Flabelligeridae (Annelida, Polychaeta). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 46(3): 203-215. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0469.2008.00464.x

Budaeva, N. and Fauchald, Kristian 2008. Diopatra tuberculantennata, a new species of Onuphidae (Polychaeta) from Belize with a key to onuphids from the Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 1795: 29-45.

Zanol, Joana, Fauchald, Kristian and Paiva, Paulo C. 2007. A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Eunice (Eunicidae, polychaete, Annelida). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150: 413-434.

Ardila, Nestor E., Fauchald, Kristian and Lattig, Patricia 2005. Eunice colombia (Eunicidae: Polychaeta), a new species from the southern Caribbean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 118(2): 259-263.

Fauchald, K.. 2002. Taxonomic impediment in the study of marine invertebrates. Sofia: Pensoft Publishers.

Radashevsky, V. I. and Fauchald, Kristian 2000. Chaetal arrangement and homology in Spionids (Polychaeta: Spionidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 67(1): 13-24.

Vecchione, Michael, Mickevich, M. F., Fauchald, Kristian, Collette, Bruce B., Williams, Austin B., Munroe, Thomas A. and Young, R. E. 2000. Importance of assessing taxonomic adequacy in determining fishing effects on marine biodiversity. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57(3): 677-681.

Fauchald, Kristian 2000. Worms, Annelida. In: Levin, Simon A., Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Elsevier Inc, pp.831-842.

Lu, Hua and Fauchald, Kristian 2000. A phylogenetic and biogeographic study of Euniphysa (Eunicidae, Polychaeta). Journal of Natural History, 34(7): 997-1044.

Lu, Hua and Fauchald, Kristian 2000. Ophryotrocha lipscombae, a new species and a possible connection with ctenognath and labidognath-prionognath eunicean worms (Polychaeta). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113: 486-492.

Lu, Hua and Fauchald, Kristian 1998. Description of Eunice weintraubi and E. wui, two new species of eunicid polychaetes from northern Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(1): 230-240.

Lu, Hua and Fauchald, Kristian 1998. Marphysa belli (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) and two related species, Marphysa oculata and M. totospinata, a new species, with notes on size-dependent features. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(4): 829-842.

Fauchald, K. and Rouse, G.W. 1997. Polychaete systematics: Past and present. Zoologica Scripta, 26(2): 71-138.

Rouse, G.W. and Fauchald, K. 1997. Cladistics and polychaetes. Zoologica Scripta, 26(2): 139-204.

Fauchald, K. 1997. Recent advances in systematics and phylogeny. Bulletin of Marine Science, 60(2): 612

Fauchald, Kristian, Hutchings, Patricia A., Miura, Tomoyuki and Muir, Alex I. 1996. Comment on the proposed conservation of the specific names of Dodecaceria concharum Orsted, 1843 and D. fimbriata (Verrill, 1879) (Annelida, Polychaeta) by the designation of a neotype for D. concharum. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 53(1): 45-46.

Fauchald, K. 1995. Polychaeta (Annelida) in the Indian River and surrounding areas. Bulletin of Marine Science, 57(1): 280-281.

Rouse, G.W. and Fauchald, K. 1995. The articulation of annelids. Zoologica Scripta, 24(4): 269-301.

Fitzhugh, K. and Fauchald, K. 1994. Cladistic analysis of relationships among the polychaete families. Actes de la 4eme Conference internationale des polychetes.MTmoires du MusTum Natinal d'Histoire Naturelle, 162: 621

Ward, Linda A. and Fauchald, Kristian 1994. The electronic Palola or computer publication of systematic papers. Mémoires du Muséum national D'histoire naturelle, 162: 641-642.

Fauchald, K. and Ward, L.A. 1994. Catalogue and bibliography of the polychaetes. Mémoires du Muséum national D'histoire naturelle, 162: 620-621.

Ferraris, Joan D., Fauchald, Kristian and Kensley, Brian F. 1994. Physiological responses to fluctuation in temperature or salinity in invertebrates. Adaptations of Alpheus viridari (Decapoda, Crustacea), Terebellides parva (Polychaeta) and Golfingia cylindrata (Sipunulida) to the mangrove habitat. Marine Biology, 120: 397-406.

Pleijel, Fredrik and Fauchald, Kristian 1993. Scalispinigera oculata Hartman, 1967 (Scalibregmatidae: Polychaeta), senior synonym of Lacydonia antarctica (Lacydoniidae) Hartman-Schr"der & Rosenfeldt, 1988. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(4): 673-677.

Fauchald, K. 1992. Diet of Worms. Current Contents, 40: 8

Fauchald, Kristian 1992. Review of the types of Palola (Eunicidae: Polychaeta). Journal of Natural History, 26: 1177-1225.

Fauchald, Kristian 1992. A Review of the Genus Eunice (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) Based upon Type Material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 523: 1-422. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.523

Solis-Weiss, Vivianne, Fauchald, Kristian and Blankensteyn, Arno 1991. Trichobranchidae (Polychaeta) from shallow warm water areas in the Western Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 104(1): 147-158.

Thistle, D., Ertman, S.C. and Fauchald, K. 1991. The fauna of the HEBBLE site: patterns in standing stock and sediment-dynamic effects. Marine Geology, 99: 413-422.

Fauchald, K. 1991. A morphometric study of eunicid polychaetes from Belize, Western Caribbean Sea. Ophelia, supplement 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 47-53.

Glasby, Christopher J. and Fauchald, Kristian 1991. Redescription of Helmetophorus rankini Hartman, 1978 (Polychaeta: Helmetophoridae) and its transfer to the Flabelligeridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 104(4): 684-687.

Fauchald, K. and Yochelson, E.L. 1990. A tubicolous animal from the Hunsr_ck Slate (Lower Devonian, Southern Germany). Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 64(1): 15-23.

Fauchald, Kristian and Yochelson, Ellis L. 1990. Correction: a major error in Fauchald, Stuermer and Yochelson, 1988. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 64(3): 381

Fauchald, K. 1989. Review of: Seashore Animals of the Southeast: A guide to Common Shallow-water Invertebrates of the Southeastern Atlantic Coast. 1988. University of South Carolina Press. 429 p. American Scientist, 77: 391

Solis-Weiss, Vivianne and Fauchald, Kristian 1989. Orbiniidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from mangrove root-mats in Belize, with a revision of Protoariciin genera. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102(3): 772-792.

Fauchald, Kristian 1989. The second annual Riser Lecture: Eclecticism and the study of Polychaetes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102(3): 742-752.

Fauchald, K. 1988. Polychaete studies on Aldabra and associated islands. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 8: 19-21.

Fauchald, Kristian, Sturmer, W. and Yochelson, Ellis L. 1988. Two worm-like organisms from the Hunsruck Slate (Lower Devonian), southern Germany. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 62: 205-215.

Fauchald, K., Stürmer, W. and Yochelson, E.L. 1988. Two worm-like organisms from the Hunsrück Slate (Lower Devonian), southern Germany. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 62(3): 205-215.

Fauchald, Kristian 1987. Redescription of the genus Nauphanta Kinberg, 1865 (Polychaeta: Eunicidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 100(2): 375-380.

Fauchald, Kristian 1987. Review of: Evolution as Entropy. Toward a Unified Theory of Biology, by Daniel R. Brooks and E.O. Wiley. 1986. The Journal of parasitology, 73(1): 54

Fauchald, K. 1987. Review of: Evolution as Entropy. Toward a Unified Theory of Biology. 1986. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London. vii + 335p. Journal Parasitology, 73(1): 54

Fauchald, K. 1986. Review of the types and key to the species of Eunice (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) from the Australian region. Records of the Australian Museum, 38: 241-262.

Fauchald, K.. 1986. Variability of morphological features in eunicid polychaetes. unpublished abstract for the Second International Polychaete Conference. Copenhagen, Denmark: .

Fauchald, Kristian, Sturmer, W. and Yochelson, Ellis L. 1986. Sphenothallus 'Vermes' in the early Devonian Hunsrueck Slate, West Germany. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 60: 57-64.

Fauchald, K., Stürmer, W. and Yochelson, E.L. 1986. Sphenothallus "Vermes" in the early Devonian Hunsrück Slate, West Germany. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 60(1): 57-64.

Thistle, D., Yingst, J.Y. and Fauchald, K. 1985. A deep-sea benthic community exposed to strong near-bottom currents on the Scotian Rise (Western Atlantic). Marine Geology, 66: 91-112.

Nowell, A. R. M., Jumars, P. A. and Fauchald, Kristian 1984. The foraging strategy of a subtidal and deep-sea deposit feeder. Limnology and Oceanography, 29: 645-649.

Fauchald, K. 1984. Polychaete distribution patterns, or: can animals with Palaeozoic cousins show large-scale geographic patterns. In: Proceedings of the First International Polychaete Conference, Sydney, Australia, 1983. pp.1-6.

Fauchald, Kristian 1983. Life diagram patterns in benthic polychaetes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 96(1): 160-177.

Fauchald, Kristian 1982. A eunicid polychaete from a White Smoker. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 95(4): 781-787.

Fauchald, Kristian 1982. Two new species of Onuphis (Onuphidae: Polychaeta) from Uruguay. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 95(1): 203-209.

Fauchald, Kristian 1982. Description of Mooreonuphis jonesi, a new species of onuphid polychaete from shallow water in Bermuda, with comments on variability and population ecology. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 95(4): 807-825.

Fauchald, Kristian 1982. Revision of Onuphis, Nothria, and Paradiopatra (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) based upon type material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 356: 1-109. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.356

Macintyre, Ian G., Rützler, Klaus, Norris, James N. and Fauchald, Kristian 1982. A submarine cave near Columbus Cay, a bizarre cryptic habitat. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 12: 127-141. doi:10.5479/si.01960768.12.539

Fauchald, Kristian 1982. Some species of Onuphis (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from the Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 95(2): 238-250.

Fauchald, K. and Hancock, D.R. 1981. Deep-water polychaetes from a transect off central Oregon. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 11: 1-73.

Fauchald, Kristian 1980. Onuphidae (Polychaeta) from Belize, Central America, with notes on related taxa. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 93(3): 797-829.

Fauchald, K. and Jumars, P.A. 1979. The diet of worms: A study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanography and Marine Biology, Annual Review, 17: 193-284.

Fauchald, K. 1977. Some nereid polychaetes from deep water. In: Essays on polychaetous annelids in memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. pp.157-171.

Fauchald, K. 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, 28: 1-188.

Jumars, P.A. and Fauchald, K. 1977. Between-community contrasts in successful polychaete feeding strategies. Belle W. Baruch Library in Marine Science, 6: 1-20.

Fauchald, Kristian and Reish, Donald J. 1977. Biography and bibliography of Dr. Olga Hartman. In: Essays on Polychaetous Annelids in Memory of Dr. Olga Hartman. pp.1-23.

Fauchald, Kristian 1977. Polychaetes from intertidal areas in Panama, with a review of previous shallow-water records. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 221: 1-81. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.221

Jumars, P.A. and Fauchald, K. 1977. Feeding and metabolism between community contrasts in successful polychaete feeding strategies. In: Ecology of the marine benthos. pp.1-20.

Reish, Donald J. and Fauchald, Kristian (eds.) 1977. Essays on Polychaetous Annelids, In Memory of Olga Hartman Los Angeles: The Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California. 1 pages.

Fauchald, Kristian 1976. Book Reviews... A simple Key to the Northern European Species of Terebellomorph Polychaeta. By. Torleif Holthe. 1975. Mollusca, Prosobranchia. Forgjellesnegler nordiske marine arter. By Jon-Arne Sneli. 1975. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 51(1): 146-147.

Fauchald, K. 1976. A review of the need for work on polychaete systematics on Indo-Pacific coral reefs. Micronesica, 12(1): 165-167.

Fauchald, Kristian 1976. Review of: A simple Key to the Northern European Species of Terebellomorph Polychaeta. 1975. Universitets Forlaget, Trondheim, Oslo, Bergen and Tromso, 1-32. The Quarterly review of biology, 51: 146-147.

Mueller, George J. and Fauchald, Kristian 1976. A new species of Dioplosyllis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 75(1): 19-22.

Fauchald, K. 1976. Some Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from Ubatuba, Brasil. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 75(1): 16-19.

Fauchald, K. 1975. A commentary on Hartman's Atlas of Polychaetes. In: Invertebrates of Southern California. I. Selected Groups of Annelids, Arthropods, Echinoderms, and Molluscs. Southern California. pp.3-27.

Fauchald, K. and Reimer, A.A. 1975. Clave de poliquetos panameos con la inclusion de una clave para todas las familias del mundo. Boletin Del Instituto Oceanografico Universidad De Oriente Cumana, 14(1): 71-94.

Fauchald, Kristian 1974. Sphaerodoridae (Polychaeta: Errantia) from world-wide areas. Journal of Natural History, 8: 257-289.

Fauchald, K. 1974. Deep-water errant polychaetes from Hardangerfjorden, western Norway. Sarsia, 57: 1-32.

Fauchald, K. 1974. Polychaete phylogeny: A problem in protostome evolution. Systematic Zoology, 23(4): 493-506.

Fauchald, K. 1973. Polychaetes from Central American sandy beaches. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 72(1): 19-31.

Fauchald, Kristian (ed.) 1972. Reports on Dissections, Biology 508, Marine Invertebrate Zoology, Santa Catalina Marine Biological Laboratory unpublished culmination of classwork, University of Southern California.

Fauchald, K. 1972. Benthic polychaetous annelids from deep water off western Mexico and adjacent areas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 7: 1-575.

Fauchald, K. and Belman, B.W. 1972. A notophycid polychaete from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 71(2): 107-108.

Fauchald, K. 1972. A survey of the benthos off Santa Barbara following the January 1969 oil spill. California Marine Research Commission, California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Report, 16: 125-129.

Fauchald, K. 1972. Some polychaetous annelids from the deep basins in Sognefjorden, Western Norway. Sarsia, 49: 89-106.

Fauchald, K. 1971. The benthic fauna in the Santa Barbara Channel following the January, 1969 oil spill. In: Biological and Oceanographical Survey of the Santa Barbara Oil Spill, 1969-1970. vol. I, Biology and Bacteriology, 5. pp.61-115.

Emerson, R.R. and Fauchald, K. 1971. A revision of the genus Loandalia Monro with description of a new genus and species of pilargiid polychaete. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 70(1): 18-22.

Hartman, O. and Fauchald, K. 1971. Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic Areas. Part II. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 6: 1-327.

Fauchald, K. 1970. Polychaetous annelids of the families Eunicidae, Lumbrineridae, Iphitimidae, Arabellidae, Lysaretidae and Dorvilleidae from western Mexico. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 5: 1-335.

Fauchald, K.. 1969. Zoogeography and ecology of polychaetous annelids of the super-family Eunicea off western Mexico. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California: .

Fauchald, K. 1969. Zoogeography and ecology of polychaetous annelids of the super-family Eunicea off western Mexico. Dissertation. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California

Fauchald, Kristian 1969. A revision of six species of the flavus-bidentatus group of Eunice (Eunicidae: Polychaeta). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 6: 1-15. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.6

Linstedt, J., Banta, W. and Fauchald, K.. 1968. Taxonomy is the preservation of dead animals. Unpublished notes from Univ. of So. California, Biology 106 and 100 class quizes. University of Southern California: .

Fauchald, K. 1968. Onuphidae (Polychaeta) from Western Mexico. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology, 3: 1-82.

Fauchald, K. 1968. Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from the Bay of Nha Trang, South Viet Nam. Naga Report, 4(3): 1-33.

Hartman, O. and Fauchald, K. 1965. Deep-water Benthic Polychaetous Annelids Off New England to Bermuda and Other North Atlantic Areas University of Southern California Press.

Fauchald, K. 1965. Some Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, 26(14): 333-340.

Fauchald, K. 1965. The possibilities for computing vertical distribution of marine animals from older collections. Botanica Gothoburgensia, 3: 77-79.

Fauchald, K. 1963. Nephtyidae (Polychaeta) from Norwegian waters. Sarsia, 13: 1-32.

Fauchald, K. 1962. Litt om de skalldekte landsneglene i Kristiansands- omraadet. Fauna, 15(1): 26-31.

Brattström, H. and Fauchald, K. 1961. Pogonophora in Norwegian inshore waters. Sarsia, 2: 51-52.

Fauchald, K. 1961. The Norwegian records of the crab Pirimela denticulata Mont. Sarsia, 1: 47-48.

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