Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History
National Science Foundation
Select Taxon:
Select Locality:

Displaying all records:  Previous | Next

Strophiops plebea Maynard, 1920

Thumbnail of specimen image. Click here to view larger version of image.


Strophiops plebeia Maynard, 1920b:85 (nomen nudum); Harasewych et al., 2007:455-456, fig. 131.

Strophiops plebea Maynard, 1920c: fig. 66, pl. 14, fig. 1.

Strophiops plebia Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1921a:130, Plate 28, figs. 3, 4.

Original Description: Click to view

Geographic Distribution: Berry Islands, Bahama Islands.

Type Locality: Lignumvitae Key, Berry Islands, Bahamas [25° 47' N, 77° 54' W]

Type Material: Lectotype, USNM 420125

There are 1,499 paralectotypes, including USNM 1093795, MCZ 76401 (2 specimens), and MCZ 76169.


This binomen was first used by Maynard (1920b:85) [as plebeia] as an example of a frequently decollated species [80 of 1500 specimens], and included a reference to an illustration of an apertural view of a shell published in the following issue (Maynard 1920c: fig. 66,  pl. 14, fig. 1).  Both the text illustration and the identical colored figure were captioned "S. plebea."  The April 8, 1920 usage as plebeia  is a nomen nudum.   The association of a new species group name with an illustration of the taxon being named prior to 1930 makes the name Strophiops plebea Maynard (1920c:fig. 66, pl. 14,  fig. 1) available (Article 12.2.7, ICZN, 1999:17) prior to the intended description of this species (Maynard and Clapp in Maynard, 1921a:131; Plate 28, figs. 7, 8).

     This taxon has been  the victim of multiple lapsi calami, having been spelled plebeia when first used as a nomen nudum, plebea in the unintended, but valid description, and plebia in the intended taxonomic description aw well as in a subsequent listing in the sales catalogue (Maynard, 1924?:3).  Article 32.5.1 (ICZN, 1999:39) dictates that the spelling plebea be used for this taxon, since there is no clear evidence to suggest an alternative spelling within the original publication itself.  Strophiops plebea Maynard, 1920, has a different spelling, authorship, and date of publication from that cited by Clench (1957:158).

Additional Information

Search for additional records in the collections of:

The National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

The Field Museum of Natural History

GenBank® (NIH genetic sequences database)